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Hepatitis B Vaccination
What is hepatitis B and how do you contract it?
Hepatitis B is a virus that spreads through blood and body fluids causing an infection of the liver.
In the UK hepatitis, B is fairly uncommon but those with a higher risk include people from or travelling to high-risk countries, people who inject illicit drugs and people who have unprotected sex with multiple sexual partners.
The virus is present in the blood and body fluid of someone with the infection. Here are the ways it can spread:
• From mother to child during pregnancy – particularly in countries where the infection is common
• Child to child in countries where the infection is common
• Having unprotected sex with someone who is infected
• Sharing drug equipment such as needles, spoons and filters
• Tattoos, body piercings, medical or dental treatment where equipment isn’t sterilised
• Sharing toothbrushes or razors with someone who’s infected
Price: Adult £95 Child £95 per dose (3 Required)
Combined Hepatitis A & B Vaccine £85 per dose
Signs and symptoms
Any symptoms will develop after being exposed to the virus and usually last for two to three months, however hepatitis B symptoms aren’t always experienced. It’s possible for some adults to fight off the virus without them knowing they’ve had it.
• Flu-like symptoms (tiredness, fever, general aches and pains)
• Loss of appetite
• Nausea or vomiting
• Abdominal pain
• Yellowing of skin and eyes
Symptoms of acute hepatitis B in adults usually subside within one to three months. However, sometimes the virus can take longer to pass, lasting for six months or more and becomes classed as chronic hepatitis B.
If you’ve potentially been exposed to hepatitis B, you have any symptoms or you’re at a high risk of coming into contact with the virus, you should seek medical advice from your GP.
Treatment depends on how long you’ve had the infection. Emergency treatment can help stop people contracting the infection if they have been exposed to the virus for only a few days. Acute hepatitis B is when the infection has been present for a few weeks or months. Treatment may be needed to relieve the symptoms. Chronic hepatitis B is when the infection has been present for more than six months; medications may be offered to control the virus and reduce the risk of liver damage.
Chronic hepatitis B needs to be regularly monitored and usually requires long-term or lifelong treatment.
Hepatitis B is best prevented via administration of the hepatitis B vaccine. There are other steps you can take to lower your risk of infection, including using condoms during sex.
If you’re travelling and could be at risk of catching hepatitis B, a course of vaccinations should be considered to help protect you. Individuals at high risk include:
• Travellers to a high risk area (sub-Saharan Africa, East and Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands)
• People adopting or fostering children from high risk areas
• People who inject drugs, or have a sexual partner who does
• Someone who frequently changes sexual partners
• Men who have sex with men
• Sex workers
• People working in areas with a risk of coming into contact with blood or body fluids (nurses, prison staff, doctors, dentists, laboratory staff)
• People receiving regular blood or blood products, and their carers
How long do Hepatitis B vaccinations last?
A course of vaccinations should provide lifelong protection.
“I have had persistent neck and shoulder discomfort for some time. Regular visits to my local GP did not help. I was recommended to see Dr Sheila O’Neil who gave me a check-up and recommended that I see her physiotherapist colleague, Vicky Graham. I have had three sessions of physiotherapy and have regained full mobility in my neck and shoulders and feel a great deal better. I am very grateful to Dr Sheila and expect, with my husband, to sign up with her as regular patients.”Mrs Johnston
I would like to thank Dr O’Neill very much for her time today: I get the impression that she is a very caring professional, knowledgeable and reassuring, and that she makes explaining conditions crystal clear, which is exactly what is needed for an anxious patient like myself. The staff that I met were all extremely welcoming, well-groomed and helpful too. Add to this the very relaxing and beautifully scented ambience and it was really a truly positive and pleasant visit. Thank you.Linnea Blair
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